Feb 12, 2010 2:25am
30's Holywood Foreign Versions copyrights?
Hello, In the 30's, when talking films appeared american studios used to re-shoot simultaneously their movies with spanish-french or german speaking actors for the outside market.
It's hard to search for their copyright, because many have the same titles as the english version, but, as they have been long forgotten, I guess many of them may be in PD.
To begin with,
Does anybody know the copyrights of this ones?
Spanish Version directed by George Melford , starring Carlos Villarias (DVD version shows a 1992 copyright note, but the movie was considered lost until a version was find in Cuba)
— Laurel And HArdy did reshoot themselves the foreign (spanish, french, german and Italian versions) by learning them fonetically. These lost versions where discovered and restored in the UCLA on the 80's.
Here are the spanish ones:
•Los calaveras US-1931 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James W. Horne i/ Laurel & Hardy, Linda Loredo, Anita Garvin, Luis Llaneza
Premiere/ 30.Sep.31 (Barcelona). MGM-6r.
Longer version to"Be Big" (1931), followed by a Laughing Gravy (1931) version,
•De bote en bote US-1931 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James Parrott i/ Laurel & Hardy, Walter Long, Enrique Acosta, June Marlowe
Premiere/ 5.Oct.31 (Madrid). MGM-7r.•
Versioned from Pardon Us (1931)
•Ladrones US-1930 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James Parrott i/ Laurel & Hardy, Edgar Kennedy, Enrique Acosta, James Finlayson
Premiere/ 5.Feb.30 (Barcelona). MGM-4r.
Longer version from "Night Owls" (1930).
•Noche de duendes US-1930 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James Parrott i/ Laurel & Hardy, Alfonso Pedroza, Robert O'Connor, Tiny Sandford
Premiere/ 23.Ene.31 (Madrid). MGM-5r.
longer version from The Laurel-Hardy Murder Case (1930) with re shoot scenes added from Berth Marks (1929)
• Politiquerías US-1931 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James W. Horne i/ Laurel & Hardy, Linda Loredo, Rina de Liguoro, James Finlayson, Carmen Granada, Nelly Fernández
Premiere/ 21.Sep.31 (Valencia). MGM-6r.
AMplied Version for "Chickens Come Home" (1931) wih additional music scenes
• Radiomanía US-1930 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James Parrott i/ Laurel & Hardy, Linda Loredo .
Premiere/ 15.Nov.30 (Madrid). MGM-2r.
Version for "Hog Wild" (1930).
• Tiembla y titubea US-1930 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James Parrott i/ Laurel & Hardy, Robert O'Connor, Enrique Acosta, Alfonso Pedroza
Premiere 6.Oct.30 (Barcelona). MGM-3r.
Longer version for Below Zero (1930)
• La Vida nocturna US-1930 (Roach-MGM)
d/ James Parrott i/ Laurel & Hardy, Linda Loredo, Tiny Sandford, Frank Holliday
Premiere/ 19.Abr.30 (Barcelona). MGM-5r.
longer version for Blotto (1930) with additional musical numbers.
Feb 12, 2010 4:53am
Re: 30's Holywood Foreign Versions copyrights?
With the spanish language version of Dracula, the film was never registered for copyright in the US and not renewed. However the version that appears on Universal videos and DVDs is a copyright derivative work (copyright for "cinematographic material: some footage; re-editing; music"). Without another print to compare too, it is difficult to determine where changes were made. An original unedited print would be PD.
The complete 1992 registration record is:
Dracula / dirigida por George Melford.
Type of Work: Motion Picture
Registration Number / Date: PA0000662505 / 1993-02-17
Title: Dracula / dirigida por George Melford.
Edition: Spanish version.
Description: Videocassette ; 1/2 in.
Language: In Spanish, with English subtitles.
Copyright Claimant: Universal City Studios, Inc.
Date of Creation: 1992
Date of Publication: 1992-09-10
Authorship on Application: Universal Pictures Corporation, employer for hire.
Previous Registration: Motion picture preexisting.
Basis of Claim: New Matter: cinematographic material: some footage; re-editing; music.
Copyright Note: C.O. correspondence.
Names: Melford, George
Universal City Studios, Inc.
Universal Pictures Corporation
I can't find period registrations for the Laurel and Hardey ones. However, they appear not to have been widely published in the US. As a consequence they could be considered unpublished for US copyright purposes or protected by GATT/URAA.
This post was modified by Video-Cellar on 2010-02-12 12:53:58